5 types of cyber security

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Cyber security protects the integrity of a computer’s internet-connected systems, hardware, software and data from cyber attacks. Without a security plan in place hackers can access your computer system and misuse your personal information, your customer’s information, your business intel and much more.

It seems that everything now relies on internet and computers – entertainment, communication, transportation, medicine, shopping, etc. Even banking institutions run their business online.

The realization that most of the world relies on the internet should prompt us to ask ourselves…

  • How much of my life is dependent on the internet?
  • How much of my personal information is stored online?
  • How much of my business is accessible over networks?
  • How much of my customers’ information is accessible over networks?

With such a high dependency on computers, neglecting the likelihood of cybercrime in your business is extremely risky and potentially harmful to you, your business, your employees, and your customers.

Without a sense of security your business is functioning at a high risk for cyber-attacks.

Below are different types of cyber security that you should be aware of. This article will help you build a solid foundation for a strong security strategy.

5 main types of cyber security:

1. Critical infrastructure security:

Critical infrastructure security consists of the cyber-physical systems that modern societies rely on.

Common examples of critical infrastructure:

  • electricity grid
  • water purification
  • traffic lights
  • shopping centers
  • hospitals

Having the infrastructure of an electricity grid on the internet makes it vulnerable to cyber-attacks.

Organizations with responsibility for any critical infrastructures should perform due diligence to understand the vulnerabilities and protect their business against them. The security and resilience of this critical infrastructure is vital to our society’s safety and well-being.

Organizations that are not responsible for critical infrastructure, but still rely on it for a portion of their business, should develop a contingency plan by evaluating how an attack on critical infrastructure they depend on might affect them.

2. Application security:

You should choose application security as one of the several must-have security measures adopted to protect your systems. Application security uses software and hardware methods to tackle external threats that can arise in the development stage of an application.

Applications are much more accessible over networks, causing the adoption of security measures during the development phase to be an imperative phase of the project.

Types of application security:

  • antivirus programs
  • firewalls
  • encryption programs

These help to ensure that unauthorized access is prevented. Companies can also detect sensitive data assets and protect them through specific application security processes attached to these data sets.


Special cybersecurity intel from our CEO, Matt Rosenthal…

Click here to schedule your free 30-minute cybersecurity consultation with Matt.


3. Network security:

As cyber security is concerned with outside threats, network security guards against unauthorized intrusion of your internal networks due to malicious intent.

Network security ensures that internal networks are secure by protecting the infrastructure and inhibiting access to it.

To help better manage network security monitoring, security teams are now using machine learning to flag abnormal traffic and alert to threats in real time. Network administrators continue to implement policies and procedures to prevent unauthorized access, modification and exploitation of the network.

Common examples of network security implementation:

  • extra logins
  • new passwords
  • application security
    • antivirus programs
    • antispyware software
    • encryption
    • firewalls
    • Monitored internet access

4. Cloud security:

Improved cyber security is one of the main reasons why the cloud is taking over.

Cloud security is a software-based security tool that protects and monitors the data in your cloud resources. Cloud providers are constantly creating and implementing new security tools to help enterprise users better secure their data.

The myth flying around cloud computing is that it’s less secure than traditional approaches. People tend to believe that your data is more secure when stored on physical servers and systems you own and control. However, it has been proven through cloud security that control does not mean security and accessibility matters more than physical location of your data.

Alert’s Logic Cloud Security Report found that on-premises environment users suffer more incidents that those of service provider environments.

The report further finds that…

  • On-premise environment users experience an average of 61.4 attacks while;
  • Service provider environment customers experienced an average of 27.8 attacks.

Cloud computing security is similar to traditional on-premise data centers, only without the time and costs of maintaining huge data facilities, and the risk of security breaches is minimal.

Cloud technology

5. Internet of things (IoT) security

IoT refers to a wide variety of critical and non-critical cyber physical systems, like appliances, sensors, televisions, wifi routers, printers, and security cameras.

According to Bain & Company’s prediction…

  • The combined markets of IoT will grow to about $520 billion in 2021;
  • More than double the $235 billion spent in 2017.

IoT’s data center, analytics, consumer devices, networks, legacy embedded systems and connectors are the core technology of the IoT market.

IoT devices are frequently sent in a vulnerable state and offer little to no security patching. This poses unique security challenges for all users.

A study done by Bain found that

  • security is one of the biggest barriers to great IoT adoption
  • enterprises would buy more IoT devices on average if security concerns were addressed
  • enterprises are optimistic about IoT’s business value and growth

This calls for vendors to invest in learning more about security challenges to suggest and implement more strategic solutions. In the meantime, IoT devices are near impossible to avoid and finding an IT provider that can manage your security is your best option.

Not convinced? Remember Pied Piper’s pivotal hack in season 5 of Silicon?

Pied Piper easily hacked into a distributor of refrigerators’ IoT system and used it to jump their application’s user numbers. Anything connected to the internet is at risk.

If your business has/uses products that are connected to the internet in any way, it’s important to implement defense strategies before the products are shipped or used! We know that’s a broad claim, but devices at risk are everywhere…

Overall, Cyber security is essential to govern the conducts and manners of interacting with computer systems from suspicious behavior. In a world where even our kitchen appliances and cars are connected to the internet, cyber criminals have endless opportunity to cause chaos.

As hackers continue to adapt to progressing technology, so will the IT security experts whose main focus is to keep our data secure.

Take advantage of these 5 types of cyber security methods and protect your business from cyber attacks.

You might also like:

3 risks of a cloud migration here.

Why growing businesses need a cloud roadmap here.

5 financial benefits of cloud computing here.

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